Germany’s universities are not only steeped in a rich heritage and historical past, they are also the seats of world-class education and innovation.

Over the last decade, Germany has emerged as an attractive higher education destination for students from across the world. After committing itself to the Bologna Process in 1999, Germany has shown genuine interest in the internationalization of its education.

It has restructured its courses on the European model of higher education and the German Magister and Diploma higher education diplomas are being phased out to be replaced by bachelor's and master's degrees.

Germany has also introduced a points system accepted by universities across Europe to allow result and course comparison with other countries.


With 355 officially recognized higher education providers, spread across 165 areas in Germany, and offering more than 10,000 courses, international students are spoilt for choice. To further help interested students navigate through the vast choices, the CHE rankings have been assessing German education institutions since 1998 and have recently started to internationalize the ranking, allowing for participation of foreign education players as well.

There is also great emphasis being placed on the promotion of top research. The German government’s Initiative for Excellence aims to provide funding to education institutions in order to encourage “internationally visible research beacons in Germany”. It also includes the funding of nine universities within Germany to promote the future concepts of research.


The German higher education system offers learning through three types of institutions:
universities, universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) and colleges of art, film and music.

Universities focus on the study of subjects such as humanities, biology, philosophy, and law while universities of applied sciences focus on programs which prepare students for specific industries. These programs keep a tab on the market demands and focus on practical training.

Colleges of art, film and music prepare students for a creative career in fine arts, filmmaking, dance, producing and directing.

The academic year in Germany is divided into two semesters: the winter semester begins in September, while the summer semester begins in April.


Requirement of GRE & GMAT varies from university to university. GRE & GMAT is not mandatory for all the programs in Germany.All students whose native language is not English are required to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the IELTS.


At degree level, students coming for university education in Germany have to clear either TestDaF (Test of German as a Foreign Language) or DSH which stands for German Language University Entrance Examination. While most undergraduate courses are taught in German, more and more masters and research level programs are being taught entirely in English. However, a basic course in the language helps for a smooth life in Germany.


There are two types of visas available to students. Those who intend to enrol on a short-term course, will require the Schengen-Visa, issued for a maximum stay of three months once every six months. For a long-term course, such as a master's or a doctoral program, students will need a National Visa for the purpose of studying.

Work while studying: The visa rules state that a student can work 180 days halftime or 90 Day’s fulltime in a year. Germany is the only country where a student can do part time technical job in the industry. Sometimes big universities offer part time jobs within the Campus called as Hi/wi. The pay is better in these kind of jobs.